Design and Validation of a 3D Virtual Reality Desktop System for Sonographic Length and Volume Measurements in Early Pregnancy Evaluation

Leonie Baken, IMA van Gruting, Eric Steegers, Peter van der Spek, Exalto, Anton Koning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


PurposeTo design and validate a desktop virtual reality (VR) system, for presentation and assessment of volumetric data, based on commercially off-the-shelf hardware as an alternative to a fully immersive CAVE-like I-Space VR system. MethodsWe designed a desktop VR system, using a three-dimensional (3D) monitor and a six degrees-of-freedom tracking system. A personal computer uses the V-Scope (Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands) volume-rendering application, developed for the I-Space, to create a hologram of volumetric data. Inter- and intraobserver reliability for crown-rump length and embryonic volume measurements are investigated using Bland-Altman plots and intraclass correlation coefficients. Time required for the measurements was recorded. ResultsComparing the I-Space and the desktop VR system, the mean difference for crown-rump length is -0.34% (limits of agreement -2.58-1.89, 2.24%) and for embryonic volume -0.92% (limits of agreement -6.97-5.13, +/- 6.05%). Intra- and interobserver intraclass correlation coefficients of the desktop VR system were all >0.99. Measurement times were longer on the desktop VR system compared with the I-Space, but the differences were not statistically significant. ConclusionsA user-friendly desktop VR system can be put together using commercially off-the-shelf hardware at an acceptable price. This system provides a valid and reliable method for embryonic length and volume measurements and can be used in clinical practice. (c) 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Ultrasound43:164-170, 2015;
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)164-170
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Ultrasound
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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