Designed to break: planned obsolescence as corporate environmental crime

Lieselot Bisschop*, Yogi Hendlin, Jelle Jaspers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
286 Downloads (Pure)


Planned obsolescence is the practice of deliberately designing products to limit their life span to encourage replacement. It is a common business strategy for consumer goods, with far-reaching ecological and social consequences. Here, we examine the definition, causes and consequences of planned obsolescence by using insights from corporate crime literature, integrated with environmental philosophy, management sciences, technology studies and law. Focusing on cases of planned obsolescence in consumer electronics, we show that the concept and procedure carries conceptual ambiguity and moral ambivalence, bearing diffuse harms, benefitting short-term corporate profit but undermining consumer confidence, and posing a major barrier to environmental sustainability. We discuss the system lock-ins driving companies to engage in planned obsolescence, and reframe the practice as a form of corporate environmental crime.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-293
Number of pages23
JournalCrime, Law and Social Change
Issue number3
Early online date31 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Erasmus Initiative on Dynamics of Inclusive Prosperity [to L.B. and Y. H.] and by the research initiative Rebalancing Public and Private Interests of Erasmus School of Law and the sector plan for law funding of the Ministry of Education, Culture and Research [to L.B.].”

Publisher Copyright: © 2022, The Author(s).

Research programs

  • SAI 2005-04 MSS

Erasmus Sectorplan

  • Sectorplan Recht-Public and Private Interests


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