Designing case studies: Explanatory approaches in small-N research

JK (Joachim) Blatter, Markus Haverland

Research output: Book/Report/Inaugural speech/Farewell speechBookAcademic


Designing Case Studies explores three different ways of conducting causal analysis in case studies: co-variational analysis, causal-process tracing and congruence analysis. It is an inclusive account of case study methodology which covers all the major explanatory approaches, and is also the first book to present congruence analysis in detail as a distinct case study approach. Differentiating the three approaches to case study research allows the authors to present each as a coherent and consistent way of drawing causal inferences by studying one or a few cases in-depth. The authors highlight the core features of each approach and provide helpful advice for each step of the research process, including: formulating research questions and goals, selecting theories and cases, data generation, data analysis and generalization. They also show how case studies can fruitfully be combined with statistical analysis and Qualitative Comparative Analysis and illustrate the three approaches by many detailed examples of best research practice from International Relations, European Studies, Comparative Politics, Public Administration, Organizational Studies and related disciplines
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationHoundsmills Basingstoke
Number of pages262
Publication statusPublished - 2014


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