Development and Social Change in the Chilean Countryside: From the Pre- Land Reform Period to the Democratic Transition

Cris Kay, P Silva

Research output: Book/Report/Inaugural speech/Farewell speechBookAcademic

Abstract

The essays collected in this book show that the agrarian question in Chile has had a major influence on the country's social, economic and political problems since the early nineteenth century to the present process of democratisation. Until the 1920s the hacienda system represented the main pillar of the so-called traditional order in which the landed oligarchy exercised an almost unchallenged hegemony. During the process of industrialisation from the mid 1930s to early 1960s, agriculture stagnated and became a major bottleneck for the state's developmental efforts. From the early 1960s until the military coup of 1973 the land reform was at the centre of national political debate, and the countryside became the battlefield for the contending social and political forces. The military government launched in an authoritarian fashion a remarkable process of capitalist modernisation which deeply transformed rural economy and society. With the restoration of democratic rule in March 1990, the Aylwin government has followed a policy of 'continuity with changes'. At the macro-economic level neo-liberal schemes continue to dominate, while on the social front efforts are being made to combat extreme poverty in the countryside.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
Number of pages344
Publication statusPublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

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