Diagnosis-related deterioration of lung function after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

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Abstract

The aim of the study was to assess lung function longitudinally after neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), and to identify any effects of diagnosis and perinatal characteristics. 121 neonatal ECMO-treated children (70 with meconium aspiration syndrome, 20 congenital diaphragmatic hernia and 31 with other diagnoses) performed a total of 191 lung function measurements at 5, 8 and/or 12 yrs. We assessed dynamic and static lung volumes, reversibility of airway obstruction and diffusion capacity. Mean SDS forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) at 5 yrs before and after bronchodilation (-0.51 and 0.07) was significantly higher than at 8 (-0.79 and -0.4; p<0.04) and 12 yrs (-1.10 and -0.52; p<0.003). Mean SDS for all spirometric parameters before and after bronchodilation were significantly lower in the congenital diaphragmatic hernia group compared with the other diagnostic groups (all p <= 0.025). A significant volume of trapped air was observed in 86% patients with congenital diaphragma Long-term pulmonary sequelae after neonatal ECMO-treatment mainly occur in congenital diaphragmatic hernia patients and tend to deteriorate over time.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1531-1537
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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