Dicer and Drosha expression and response to Bevacizumab-based therapy in advanced colorectal cancer patients

B Vincenzi, A Zoccoli, Gaia Schiavon, M Iuliani, F Pantano, E Dell'Aquila, R Ratta, AO Muda, G Perrone, C Brunelli, P Correale, E Riva, AP Russo, F Loupakis, A Falcone, D Santini, G Tonini

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The miRNA-regulating enzymes Dicer and Drosha exhibit aberrant expression in several cancer types. Dicer and Drosha play a crucial role during the angiogenetic process in vitro and, for Dicer, in vivo. We aimed to investigate the potential role of Dicer and Drosha in predicting response to Bevacizumab-based therapy in advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Methods: Dicer and Drosha mRNA levels were analysed in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded specimens from patients affected by advanced CRC treated with or without Bevacizumab-containing regimens (n = 116 and n = 50, respectively) and from patients with diverticulosis as control group (n = 20). The experimental data were obtained using qRT-PCR, analysed comparing Dicer and Drosha expression levels in tumour samples versus normal mucosa and then compared to clinical outcome. Results: The tumour samples from Bevacizumab-treated patients showed a significantly higher Drosha expression (P < .001) versus normal mucosa, while Dicer levels did not differ. Intriguingly, we found that low Dicer levels predicted a longer progression-free survival (PFS) (P < .0001) and overall survival (OS) (P = .009). In addition, low Dicer levels were associated with better response to Bevacizumab-based treatments versus high Dicer levels (1.7% complete responses and 53.4% partial responses Conclusion: These findings suggest that low Dicer mRNA levels seem to be independent predictors of favourable outcome and response in patients affected by advanced CRCs treated with Bevacizumab-based therapy. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1501-1508
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer
Volume49
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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