Dietary acid load and risk of hypertension: the Rotterdam Study

MF Engberink, SJL Bakker, EJ Brink, MA van Baak, FJA van Rooij, Bert Hofman, JCM Witteman, JM (Marianne) Geleijnse

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Abstract

Background: Mild metabolic acidosis, which can be caused by diet, may result in elevated blood pressure (BP). Objective: The objective was to examine whether dietary acid load was associated with incident hypertension in a cohort of older Dutch adults from the Rotterdam Study. Design: The analyses included 2241 participants aged >= 55 y who were free of hypertension at baseline (1990-1993) and who had complete dietary and BP data. Dietary data were obtained from a 170-item food-frequency questionnaire. We used 2 measures to characterize dietary acid load: 1) potential renal acid load (PRAL) by using an algorithm including protein, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, and magnesium, and 2) estimated net endogenous acid production (NEAP) based on protein and potassium. HRs f Results: We identified 1113 incident cases of hypertension during 8707 person-years of follow-up. The median dietary acid load ranged from -14.6 to 19.9 mEq/d across categories of PRAL. Hypertension risk was not significantly associated with dietary acid load. The multivariate HRs (95% CIs) in consecutive tertiles of PRAL were 1.00 (reference), 1.01 (0.87, 1.17), and 1.02 (0.88, 1.18) (P trend = 0.83). The median dietary acid loads were 30.4, 36.7, and 43.7 mEq/d, respectively, in consecutive te Conclusion: The findings from this prospective cohort study provided no evidence of an association between dietary acid load and risk of hypertension in older adults. Am J Clin Nutr 2012;95: 1438-44.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1438-1444
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume95
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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