Differences in Knee Shape between ACL Injured and Non-Injured: A Matched Case-Control Study of 168 Patients

Koen van Kuijk, Vincent Eggerding, Max Reijman, B van Meer, Sita Bierma - Zeinstra, E van Arkel, Jan Waarsing, Duncan Meuffels

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Objective: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury prevention programs could be more effective if we could select patients at risk for sustaining an ACL rupture. The purpose of this study is to identify radiographic shape variants of the knee between patients with and patients without an ACL rupture. Methods: We compared the lateral and Rosenberg view X-rays of 168 prospectively followed patients with a ruptured ACL to a control group with intact ACLs, matched for gender, after knee trauma. We used statistical shape modeling software to examine knee shape and find differences in shape variants between both groups. Results: In the Rosenberg view X-rays, we found five shape variants to be significantly different between patients with an ACL rupture and patients with an intact ACL but with knee trauma. Overall, patients who had ruptured their ACL had smaller, flatter intercondylar notches, a lower lateral tibia plateau, a lower medial spike of the eminence, and a smaller tibial eminence compared to control patients. Conclusion: Patients with an ACL rupture have smaller intercondylar notches and smaller tibial eminences in comparison to patients with an intact ACL after knee trauma.

Original languageEnglish
Article number968
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2 Mar 2021

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© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

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  • EMC OR-01


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