Differential early subcortical involvement in genetic FTD within the GENFI cohort

Martina Bocchetta, Emily G. Todd, Georgia Peakman, David M. Cash, Rhian S. Convery, Lucy L. Russell, David L. Thomas, Juan Eugenio Iglesias, John C. van Swieten, Lize C. Jiskoot, Harro Seelaar, Barbara Borroni, Daniela Galimberti, Raquel Sanchez-Valle, Robert Laforce, Fermin Moreno, Matthis Synofzik, Caroline Graff, Mario Masellis, Maria Carmela TartagliaJames B. Rowe, Rik Vandenberghe, Elizabeth Finger, Fabrizio Tagliavini, Alexandre de Mendonça, Isabel Santana, Chris R. Butler, Simon Ducharme, Alexander Gerhard, Adrian Danek, Johannes Levin, Markus Otto, Sandro Sorbi, Isabelle Le Ber, Florence Pasquier, Jonathan D. Rohrer*, Sónia Afonso, Maria Rosario Almeida, Sarah Anderl-Straub, Christin Andersson, Anna Antonell, Silvana Archetti, Andrea Arighi, Mircea Balasa, Myriam Barandiaran, Nuria Bargalló, Robart Bartha, Benjamin Bender, Alberto Benussi, Maxime Bertoux, Anne Bertrand, Valentina Bessi, Sandra Black, Sergi Borrego-Ecija, Jose Bras, Alexis Brice, Rose Bruffaerts, Agnès Camuzat, Marta Cañada, Valentina Cantoni, Paola Caroppo, Miguel Castelo-Branco, Olivier Colliot, Thomas Cope, Vincent Deramecourt, María de Arriba, Giuseppe Di Fede, Alina Díez, Diana Duro, Chiara Fenoglio, Camilla Ferrari, Catarina B. Ferreira, Nick Fox, Morris Freedman, Giorgio Fumagalli, Aurélie Funkiewiez, Alazne Gabilondo, Roberto Gasparotti, Serge Gauthier, Stefano Gazzina, Giorgio Giaccone, Ana Gorostidi, Caroline Greaves, Rita Guerreiro, Carolin Heller, Tobias Hoegen, Begoña Indakoetxea, Vesna Jelic, Hans Otto Karnath, Ron Keren, Gregory Kuchcinski, Tobias Langheinrich, Thibaud Lebouvier, Maria João Leitão, Albert Lladó, Gemma Lombardi, Sandra Loosli, Carolina Maruta, Simon Mead, Lieke Meeter, Gabriel Miltenberger, Rick van Minkelen, Sara Mitchell, Katrina Moore, Benedetta Nacmias, Annabel Nelson, Jennifer Nicholas, Linn Öijerstedt, Jaume Olives, Sebastien Ourselin, Alessandro Padovani, Jessica Panman, Janne M. Papma, Yolande Pijnenburg, Cristina Polito, Enrico Premi, Sara Prioni, Catharina Prix, Rosa Rademakers, Veronica Redaelli, Daisy Rinaldi, Tim Rittman, Ekaterina Rogaeva, Adeline Rollin, Pedro Rosa-Neto, Giacomina Rossi, Martin Rossor, Beatriz Santiago, Dario Saracino, Sabrina Sayah, Elio Scarpini, Sonja Schönecker, Elisa Semler, Rachelle Shafei, Christen Shoesmith, Imogen Swift, Miguel Tábuas-Pereira, Mikel Tainta, Ricardo Taipa, David Tang-Wai, Paul Thompson, Hakan Thonberg, Carolyn Timberlake, Pietro Tiraboschi, Philip Van Damme, Mathieu Vandenbulcke, Michele Veldsman, Ana Verdelho, Jorge Villanua, Jason Warren, Carlo Wilke, Ione Woollacott, Elisabeth Wlasich, Henrik Zetterberg, Miren Zulaica

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Background: Studies have previously shown evidence for presymptomatic cortical atrophy in genetic FTD. Whilst initial investigations have also identified early deep grey matter volume loss, little is known about the extent of subcortical involvement, particularly within subregions, and how this differs between genetic groups. Methods: 480 mutation carriers from the Genetic FTD Initiative (GENFI) were included (198 GRN, 202 C9orf72, 80 MAPT), together with 298 non-carrier cognitively normal controls. Cortical and subcortical volumes of interest were generated using automated parcellation methods on volumetric 3 T T1-weighted MRI scans. Mutation carriers were divided into three disease stages based on their global CDR® plus NACC FTLD score: asymptomatic (0), possibly or mildly symptomatic (0.5) and fully symptomatic (1 or more). Results: In all three groups, subcortical involvement was seen at the CDR 0.5 stage prior to phenoconversion, whereas in the C9orf72 and MAPT mutation carriers there was also involvement at the CDR 0 stage. In the C9orf72 expansion carriers the earliest volume changes were in thalamic subnuclei (particularly pulvinar and lateral geniculate, 9–10%) cerebellum (lobules VIIa-Crus II and VIIIb, 2–3%), hippocampus (particularly presubiculum and CA1, 2–3%), amygdala (all subregions, 2–6%) and hypothalamus (superior tuberal region, 1%). In MAPT mutation carriers changes were seen at CDR 0 in the hippocampus (subiculum, presubiculum and tail, 3–4%) and amygdala (accessory basal and superficial nuclei, 2–4%). GRN mutation carriers showed subcortical differences at CDR 0.5 in the presubiculum of the hippocampus (8%). Conclusions: C9orf72 expansion carriers show the earliest and most widespread changes including the thalamus, basal ganglia and medial temporal lobe. By investigating individual subregions, changes can also be seen at CDR 0 in MAPT mutation carriers within the limbic system. Our results suggest that subcortical brain volumes may be used as markers of neurodegeneration even prior to the onset of prodromal symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102646
JournalNeuroImage: Clinical
Volume30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank the research participants for their contribution to the study. The Dementia Research Centre is supported by Alzheimer's Research UK, Alzheimer's Society, Brain Research UK, and The Wolfson Foundation. This work was supported by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Queen Square Dementia Biomedical Research Unit and the University College London Hospitals Biomedical Research Centre, the Leonard Wolfson Experimental Neurology Centre (LWENC) Clinical Research Facility, and the UK Dementia Research Institute, which receives its funding from UK DRI Ltd, funded by the UK Medical Research Council, Alzheimer's Society and Alzheimer's Research UK. This work was also supported by the MRC UK GENFI grant (MR/M023664/1), the Italian Ministry of Health (CoEN015 and Ricerca Corrente), the Canadian Institutes of Health Research as part of a Centres of Excellence in Neurodegeneration grant, a Canadian Institutes of Health Research operating grant, the Alzheimer's Society grant (AS-PG-16-007), the Bluefield Project and the JPND GENFI-PROX grant (2019-02248). MB is supported by a Fellowship award from the Alzheimer's Society, UK (AS-JF-19a-004-517). MB's work was also supported by the UK Dementia Research Institute which receives its funding from DRI Ltd, funded by the UK Medical Research Council, Alzheimer's Society and Alzheimer's Research UK. MB acknowledges the support of NVIDIA Corporation with the donation of the Titan V GPU used for part of the analyses in this research. JDR is an MRC Clinician Scientist (MR/M008525/1) and has received funding from the NIHR Rare Diseases Translational Research Collaboration (BRC149/NS/MH), the Bluefield Project and the Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration. JEI is supported by the European Research Council (Starting Grant 677697, project BUNGEE-TOOLS), Alzheimer's Research UK (ARUK-IRG2019A003) and NIH 1RF1MH123195-01. JBR is funded by the Wellcome Trust (103838) and the National Institute for Health Research Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre. This work was funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany's Excellence Strategy within the framework of the Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (EXC 2145 SyNergy – ID 390857198). Several authors of this publication (JCvS, MS, RSV, AD, MO, JDR) are members of the European Reference Network for Rare Neurological Diseases (ERN-RND) - Project ID No 739510.

Funding Information:
We thank the research participants for their contribution to the study. The Dementia Research Centre is supported by Alzheimer's Research UK, Alzheimer's Society, Brain Research UK, and The Wolfson Foundation. This work was supported by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Queen Square Dementia Biomedical Research Unit and the University College London Hospitals Biomedical Research Centre, the Leonard Wolfson Experimental Neurology Centre (LWENC) Clinical Research Facility, and the UK Dementia Research Institute, which receives its funding from UK DRI Ltd, funded by the UK Medical Research Council, Alzheimer's Society and Alzheimer's Research UK. This work was also supported by the MRC UK GENFI grant (MR/M023664/1), the Italian Ministry of Health (CoEN015 and Ricerca Corrente), the Canadian Institutes of Health Research as part of a Centres of Excellence in Neurodegeneration grant, a Canadian Institutes of Health Research operating grant, the Alzheimer's Society grant (AS-PG-16-007), the Bluefield Project and the JPND GENFI-PROX grant (2019-02248). MB is supported by a Fellowship award from the Alzheimer’s Society, UK (AS-JF-19a-004-517). MB’s work was also supported by the UK Dementia Research Institute which receives its funding from DRI Ltd, funded by the UK Medical Research Council, Alzheimer’s Society and Alzheimer’s Research UK. MB acknowledges the support of NVIDIA Corporation with the donation of the Titan V GPU used for part of the analyses in this research. JDR is an MRC Clinician Scientist (MR/M008525/1) and has received funding from the NIHR Rare Diseases Translational Research Collaboration (BRC149/NS/MH), the Bluefield Project and the Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration. JEI is supported by the European Research Council (Starting Grant 677697, project BUNGEE-TOOLS), Alzheimer’s Research UK (ARUK-IRG2019A003) and NIH 1RF1MH123195-01. JBR is funded by the Wellcome Trust (103838) and the National Institute for Health Research Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre. This work was funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany’s Excellence Strategy within the framework of the Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (EXC 2145 SyNergy – ID 390857198). Several authors of this publication (JCvS, MS, RSV, AD, MO, JDR) are members of the European Reference Network for Rare Neurological Diseases (ERN-RND) - Project ID No 739510.

Publisher Copyright:
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