DNAJC6 Mutations Associated With Early-Onset Parkinson's Disease

Simone Olgiati, Marialuisa Quadri, MY Fang, Janneke Rood, JA Saute, HF Chien, Christian Bouwkamp, Josja Graafland, Michelle Minneboo, Guido Breedveld, JG Zhang, Frans Verheijen, Agnita Boon, Anneke Kievit, LB Jardim, Wim Mandemakers, ER Barbosa, CRM Rieder, KL Leenders, Johnny WangVincenzo Bonifati

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Abstract

ObjectiveDNAJC6 mutations were recently described in two families with autosomal recessive juvenile parkinsonism (onset age<11), prominent atypical signs, poor or absent response to levodopa, and rapid progression (wheelchair-bound within approximate to 10 years from onset). Here, for the first time, we report DNAJC6 mutations in early-onset Parkinson's disease (PD). MethodsThe DNAJC6 open reading frame was analyzed in 274 patients with early-onset sporadic or familial PD. Selected variants were followed up by cosegregation, homozygosity mapping, linkage analysis, whole-exome sequencing, and protein studies. ResultsWe identified two families with different novel homozygous DNAJC6 mutations segregating with PD. In each family, the DNAJC6 mutation was flanked by long runs of homozygosity within highest linkage peaks. Exome sequencing did not detect additional pathogenic variants within the linkage regions. In both families, patients showed severely decreased steady-state levels of the auxilin protein in fibroblasts. We also identified a sporadic patient carrying two rare noncoding DNAJC6 variants possibly effecting RNA splicing. All these cases fulfilled the criteria for a clinical diagnosis of early-onset PD, had symptoms onset in the third-to-fifth decade, and slow disease progression. Response to dopaminergic therapies was prominent, but, in some patients, limited by psychiatric side effects. The phenotype overlaps that of other monogenic forms of early-onset PD. InterpretationOur findings delineate a novel form of hereditary early-onset PD. Screening of DNAJC6 is warranted in all patients with early-onset PD compatible with autosomal recessive inheritance. Our data provide further evidence for the involvement of synaptic vesicles endocytosis and trafficking in PD pathogenesis. Ann Neurol 2016;79:244-256
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)244-256
Number of pages13
JournalAnnals of Neurology
Volume79
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Research programs

  • EMC MGC-02-96-01
  • EMC ONWAR-01-58-02

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