Background: Platelets (PLTs) differ in glycolytic activity, resulting in rapid acidification of ‘poor’ storing PLT concentrates (PCs) in plasma, or depletion of glucose when stored in PLT additive solution (PAS). We aimed to understand why PLT glycolysis rates vary between donors and how this affects storage performance. Study Design and Methods: Buffy coats from donors <45, 45–70 and >70 years were selected and single-donor PCs in plasma or PAS-E were prepared. PCs were stored for 8 days at 22 ± 2°C and sampled regularly for analysis. Mitochondrial activity was analyzed with an Oroboros oxygraph. Age groups, or subgroups divided into quartiles based on glucose consumption, were analyzed with ANOVA. Results: In each comparison, PCs of the different groups were not different in volume and cellular composition. PLTs with the highest glucose consumption had a higher initial mean platelet volume (MPV) and developed higher CD62P expression and Annexin A5 binding during storage. Higher glycolytic activity in these PLTs was not a compensation for lower mitochondrial ATP production, because mitochondrial ATP-linked respiration of fresh PLTs correlated positively with MPV (R2 = 0.71). Donors of high glucose-consuming PLTs had more health-related issues. Storage properties of PCs from donors over 70 were not significantly different compared to PCs from donors younger than 45 years. Conclusions: High glucose-consuming PCs developing higher activation levels, not only displayed enhanced mitochondrial activity but were also found to contain larger PLTs, as determined by MPV. Storage performance of PLTs was found to be associated with donor health, but not with donor age.
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