Drug interactions and risks associated with the use of triptans, ditans and monoclonal antibodies in migraine

Linda Al-Hassany, Antoinette MaassenVanDenBrink*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study was to review current evidence concerning potential risks and interactions associated with concomitant use of drugs indicated for the abortive treatment of migraine, namely triptans and ditans, and more recently developed drugs used for the preventive treatment. The latter drug class encompasses monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), which target either calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) or its receptor. RECENT FINDINGS: To date, no pharmacokinetic interactions between these drug classes have been reported. However, patients who suffer from triptan- (or ditan-) induced medication overuse headache or those who are nonresponders to triptans might respond less effectively to mAbs. Caution is warranted when coadministrating these drugs in migraine patients with comorbid cardiovascular disease or with an increased cardiovascular risk profile. SUMMARY: In this review, the main mechanisms of action of triptans, ditans and mAbs targeting CGRP or its receptor are summarized as well as the current evidence on their individual risks. Studies on risks and interactions in case of concomitant use of triptans, ditans and mAbs in migraine patients are relatively scarce. Therefore, these aspects have been considered from a theoretical and hypothetical point of view by taking both their overlapping target, CGRP, and contraindications into account.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-338
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Opinion in Neurology
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2021

Bibliographical note

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Copyright © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

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