dtiRIM: A generalisable deep learning method for diffusion tensor imaging

E. R. Sabidussi*, S. Klein, B. Jeurissen, D. H.J. Poot

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
53 Downloads (Pure)


Diffusion weighted MRI is an indispensable tool for routine patient screening and diagnostics of pathology. Recently, several deep learning methods have been proposed to quantify diffusion parameters, but poor generalisation to new data prevents broader use of these methods, as they require retraining of the neural network for each new scan protocol. In this work, we present the dtiRIM, a new deep learning method for Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) based on the Recurrent Inference Machines. Thanks to its ability to learn how to solve inverse problems and to use the diffusion tensor model to promote data consistency, the dtiRIM can generalise to variations in the acquisition settings. This enables a single trained network to produce high quality tensor estimates for a variety of cases. We performed extensive validation of our method using simulation and in vivo data, and compared it to the Iterated Weighted Linear Least Squares (IWLLS), the approach of the state-of-the-art MRTrix3 software, and to an implementation of the Maximum Likelihood Estimator (MLE). Our results show that dtiRIM predictions present low dependency on tissue properties, anatomy and scanning parameters, with results comparable to or better than both IWLLS and MLE. Further, we demonstrate that a single dtiRIM model can be used for a diversity of data sets without significant loss in quality, representing, to our knowledge, the first generalisable deep learning based solver for DTI.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119900
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2023

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