BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of alteplase for ischemic stroke treatment is limited, partly due to the occurrence of intracranial and extracranial hemorrhage. Mutant pro-urokinase (m-proUK) does not deplete fibrinogen and lyses fibrin only after induction with alteplase. Therefore, this treatment has the potential to be safer and more efficacious than treatment with alteplase alone. The aim of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of thrombolytic treatment consisting of a small bolus alteplase followed by m-proUK compared with standard thrombolytic treatment with alteplase in patients presenting with ischemic stroke. METHODS: DUMAS is a multicenter, phase II trial with a prospective randomized open-label blinded end-point (PROBE) design, and an adaptive design for dose optimization. Patients with ischemic stroke, who meet the criteria for treatment with intravenous (IV) alteplase can be included. Patients eligible for endovascular thrombectomy are excluded. Patients are randomly assigned (1:1) to receive a bolus of IV alteplase (5mg) followed by a continuous IV infusion of m-proUK (40 mg/h during 60 min) or usual care with alteplase (0.9 mg/kg). Depending on the results of interim analyses, the dose of m-proUK may be revised to a lower dose (30 mg/h during 60 min) or a higher dose (50 mg/h during 60 min). We aim to include 200 patients with a final diagnosis of ischemic stroke. The primary outcome is any post-intervention intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) on neuroimaging at 24 h according to the Heidelberg Bleeding Classification, analyzed with binary logistic regression. Efficacy outcomes include stroke severity measured with the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) at 24 h and 5-7 days, score on the modified Rankin scale (mRS) assessed at 30 days, change (pre-treatment vs. post-treatment) in abnormal perfusion volume, and blood biomarkers of thrombolysis at 24 h. Secondary safety endpoints include symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, death, and major extracranial hemorrhage. This trial will use a deferred consent procedure. DISCUSSION: When dual thrombolytic therapy with a small bolus alteplase and m-proUK shows the anticipated effect on the outcome, this will lead to a 13% absolute reduction in the occurrence of ICH in patients with ischemic stroke. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NL7409 (November 26, 2018)/NCT04256473 (February 5, 2020).
Funding of the trial is provided by Thrombolytic Science, LCC. The study has
been designed after discussion with the funder, but the execution of the
study, interpretation of the data, and reporting will be done independently
from the funder, by the study coordinators. Funding of the study is based on
milestones (numbers of patients included and report written).
Publisher Copyright: © 2022. The Author(s).