Duration of Effectiveness Evaluation of Additional Risk Minimisation Measures for Centrally Authorised Medicinal Products in the EU Between 2012 and 2021

Sharon C.M. Essink, Inge M. Zomerdijk, Sabine M.J.M. Straus, Helga Gardarsdottir, Marie L. De Bruin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Introduction:

In studies evaluating the effectiveness of additional risk minimisation measures (aRMMs), the need for speed must be properly balanced with the quality of the study. We assessed the duration of aRMM effectiveness evaluations, using additional pharmacovigilance activities, for centrally authorised medicinal products in the European Union. 

Methods: 

We established a cohort of medicinal products with aRMMs at marketing authorisation (MA) that were centrally authorised from July 2012–December 2021 using the European Public Assessment Reports. Evaluation studies were identified from the Risk Management Plans at the time of MA. Subsequently, we retrieved protocols, final study reports, Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee (PRAC) assessment reports, and PRAC minutes. We calculated the probability of completing an effectiveness evaluation within 60 months after MA using time-to-event analyses. Besides, we compared the planned final report with the actual final report date. 

Results: 

We identified 134 medicinal products authorised with aRMMs, of which almost half (n = 63, 47.0%) had an effectiveness evaluation study. The probability of an evaluation for a medicinal product being completed within 60 months after MA was 20.7% (95% CI 6.8–32.6). Regarding study design, the probability of completing a study was higher for cross-sectional studies when compared to cohort studies (p = 0.002). Moreover, 81.0% of studies were delayed when compared to their planned final report date. 

Conclusion: 

The probability of completing an aRMM effectiveness evaluation at time for renewal of the MA was only one in five. Furthermore, estimates of the duration of studies around MA are too optimistic, with the majority being delayed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1007-1020
Number of pages14
JournalDrug Safety
Volume46
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was funded with a grant from the Dutch Medicines Evaluation Board (MEB), as part of the regulatory science collaboration between the MEB and Utrecht University.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s).

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