Dutch cost savings in unit-based pricing of household waste

E. Dijkgraaf*, R. H.J.M. Gradus

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic


We estimate the effects of four unit-based pricing systems on waste collected in Dutch municipalities. Unit-based pricing is shown to be effective in reducing unsorted and compostable waste and in stimulating recyclable waste. If the estimations are corrected for differences in environmental activism between municipalities the effects are still large but significantly lower. The bag-based and weight-based systems perform equally and far better compared with the frequency-based and volume-based systems. This is interesting, as administrative costs are significantly lower for the bag-based system. Finally, unit-based pricing has no effect on the amounts of waste collected in surrounding municipalities.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Waste Market
Subtitle of host publicationInstitutional Developments in Europe
PublisherSpringer Netherlands
Number of pages20
ISBN (Print)9781402087103
Publication statusPublished - 2008


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