Dyspnea evolution after high-dose radiotherapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer

Dirk De Ruysscher*, Cary Dehing, Shipeng Yu, Rinus Wanders, Michel Öllers, Anne Marie C. Dingemans, Gerben Bootsma, Monique Hochstenbag, Wiel Geraedts, Cordula Pitz, Jean Simons, Liesbeth Boersma, Jacques Borger, Andre Dekker, Philippe Lambin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To determine what the influence is of dyspnea (CTCAE3.0) before high-dose radiotherapy (RT) on the incidence and severity of subsequent lung toxicity in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: In 197 patients with stage I-III NSCLC maximal dyspnea scores (CTCAE3.0) were obtained prospectively at three time periods: before RT, the first 6 months post-RT and 6-9 months post-RT. Only patients who were clinically progression-free 12 months or more after RT were included, thus minimizing dyspnea due to tumor progression. Time-trends of dyspnea as a function of baseline dyspnea were investigated and correlated with gender, age, chemotherapy, mean lung dose (MLD), lung function parameters (FeV1 and DLCO), stage, PTV dose, overall treatment time and smoking habits. Results: The proportion developing less, the same or more dyspnea 6-9 months post-treatment according to their baseline dyspnea scores was: Grade 0: none, 82.9%, 17.1%; Grade 1: 21.2%, 51.9%, 26.9%; Grade 2: 27.3%, 54.5%, 18.2%, respectively. Only age was associated with increased dyspnea after RT. Conclusions: Patients with dyspnea before therapy have a realistic chance to improve after high-dose radiotherapy. Reporting only dyspnea at one time-point post-RT is insufficient to determine radiation-induced dyspnea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-359
Number of pages7
JournalRadiotherapy and Oncology
Volume91
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2009
Externally publishedYes

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