Early first-trimester trophoblast volume in pregnancies that result in live birth or miscarriage

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ObjectivesTo assess the validity of trophoblast volume measurements on three-dimensional ultrasound (3D-US) with Virtual Organ Computer-aided AnaLysis (VOCAL(TM)), to create reference values between 6 and 12weeks of gestation and to compare trophoblast volume between pregnancies ending in miscarriage and those resulting in live birth. MethodsIn a prospective periconceptional cohort, we performed weekly 3D-US in 112 singleton pregnancies resulting in a non-malformed live birth and in 56 ending in miscarriage. Scans were performed between6and 12weeks. Trophoblast volumes were calculated by subtracting the gestational sac volume from the volume of the total pregnancy. The interobserver and intraobserver agreement of measurements were determined to assess validity. Reference values were created for trophoblast volume in relation ResultsA total of 722 3D-US examinations were available for offline VOCAL measurements, but measurements could be performed in only 53% of these due to non-targeted scanning and incomplete framing. Interobserver and intraobserver agreement for trophoblast volume measurements were excellent, with intraclass correlation coefficients>0.97. Trophoblast volumes of pregnancies ending in miscarriage were significantly smaller (P<0.01) than were those of pregnancies that resulted in live birth. Trophobl ConclusionVOCAL is a valid technique for measuring trophoblast volume during the early first trimester of pregnancy. Pregnancies ending in miscarriage have smaller trophoblast volumes as well as reduced trophoblast growth compared with those that result in live birth. Copyright (c) 2013 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)577-584
Number of pages8
JournalUltrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Research programs

  • EMC MGC-02-52-01-A
  • EMC NIHES-01-66-01

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