Ecological and convergent validity of experimentally and dynamically assessed capacity for social contingency detection using the perceptual crossing experiment in adolescence

Karlijn S.F.M. Hermans, Olivia J. Kirtley, Zuzana Kasanova, Robin Achterhof, Noëmi Hagemann, Anu P. Hiekkaranta, Aleksandra Lecei, Leonardo Zapata-Fonseca, Ginette Lafit, Ruben Fossion, Tom Froese, Inez Myin-Germeys*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The Perceptual Crossing Experiment (PCE) captures the capacity for social contingency detection using real-time social interaction dynamics but has not been externally validated. We tested ecological and convergent validity of the PCE in a sample of 208 adolescents from the general population, aged 11 to 19 years. We expected associations between PCE performance and (a) quantity and quality of social interaction in daily life, using Experience Sampling Methodology (ESM; ecological validity) and (b) self-reported social skills using a questionnaire (convergent validity). We also expected PCE performance to better explain variance in ESM social measures than self-reported social skills. Multilevel analyses showed that only self-reported social skills were positively associated with social experience of company in daily life. These initial results do not support ecological and convergent validity of the PCE. However, fueled by novel insights regarding the complexity of capturing social dynamics, we identified promising methodological advances for future validation efforts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1109-1124
Number of pages16
JournalAssessment
Volume30
Issue number4
Early online date2 Apr 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This work was supported by the FWO Odysseus grant to I.M.-G. (G0F8416N), which includes the PhD studentship of K.S.F.M.H. O.J.K. is supported by a senior postdoctoral fellowship from Research Foundation Flanders (FWO: 1257821N). Z.K. was supported by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement no. 777084. R.F. and L.Z.-F. acknowledge financial support from the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) through the DGAPA-PAPIIT project IA102619. L.Z.-F. is grateful for the scholarship 638215 granted by the CONACyT and a scholarship in the program Research Grants-Bi-nationally Supervised Doctoral Degrees, 2019/20 granted by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD, Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst).

Publisher Copyright: © The Author(s) 2022.

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