Economic geography and economic development in Sub-Saharan Africa

Maarten Bosker, JH Garretsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sub-Saharan Africa's (SSA) physical geography is often blamed for its poor economic performance. A country's geographical location does, however, not only determine its agricultural conditions or disease environment. It also pins down a country's relative position vis-à-vis other countries, affecting its ease of access to foreign markets. This paper assesses the importance of market access for manufactures in explaining the observed income differences between SSA countries over the period 1993–2009. We construct yearly, theory-based measures of each SSA country's market access using the information contained in bilateral manufacturing trade flows. Using these measures, we find a robust positive effect of market access on economic development that has increased in importance during the last decade. Interestingly, when further unraveling this finding, access to other SSA markets in particular turns out to be important.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-485
Number of pages43
JournalThe World Bank Economic Review
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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