Effect of metformin on outcome after acute ischemic stroke in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

C. J.B.A. Kersten*, I. L.H. Knottnerus, E. Heijmans, M. Haalboom, A. A.M. Zandbergen, H. M. den Hertog

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is a well-known risk factor for ischemic stroke and is associated with unfavorable outcome after stroke. Metformin is recommended as first-line treatment in these patients. Pre-stroke metformin use might have neuroprotective properties resulting in reduced stroke severity. However, results of the effects of pre-stroke metformin use on functional outcome are conflicting and has not been previously described in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus regardless of stroke severity or revascularization treatment. In this study, we aimed to assess the association between metformin use and functional outcome in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and acute ischemic stroke. Methods: We used data from patients with known type 2 diabetes mellitus who were admitted with acute ischemic stroke between 2017 and 2021 in the Isala Hospital Zwolle and Medisch Spectrum Twente (MST) Enschede, the Netherlands. The association between pre-stroke metformin use and favorable functional outcome at 3 months (defined as modified Rankin Scale (mRS) < 3) was expressed as Odds Ratios (ORs) with corresponding confidence intervals (CIs). Adjustments were made for age, sex, hyperglycemia on admission and revascularization treatment by means of multiple logistic regression. Results: Nine hundred thirty seven patients were included of whom 592 patients (63%) used metformin. Six hundred seventy eight (74%) patients were hyperglycemic on admission. Median mRS was 3 (IQR 2–6) and 593 patients (63%) had a favorable outcome. Pre-stroke metformin use was associated with favorable outcome (aOR of 1.94 (95%- CI 1.45–2.59)). Conclusion: In this study, we showed that pre-stroke metformin use was associated with favorable outcome after acute ischemic stroke in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106648
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume31
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2022

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