Effectiveness of short-term inpatient psychotherapy based on transactional short-term inpatient psychotherapy based on transactional analysis with patients with personality disorders: a matched control study nusing propensity score

Eva Horn, R Verheul, M Thunnissen, J Delimon, M Soons, AMMA Meerman, UM Ziegler, BV Rossum, Helene Andrea, T (Theo) Stijnen, PMG Emmelkamp, Jan van Busschbach

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Abstract

Controlled studies on the effectiveness of inpatient psychotherapy with patients with personality disorders (PD) are rare. This study aims to compare 3-month short-term inpatient psychotherapy based on transactional analysis (STIP-TA) with other psychotherapies (OP) up to 36-month follow-up. PD patients treated with STIP-TA were matched with OP patients using the propensity score. The primary outcome measure was general psychiatric symptomatology; secondary outcomes were psychosocial functioning and quality of life. In 67 pairs of patients, both STIP-TA and OP showed large symptomatic and functional improvements. However, STIP-TA patients showed more symptomatic improvement at all time points compared to OF patients. At 36 months, 68% of STIP-TA patients were symptomatically recovered compared to 48% of OP patients. STIP-TA outperformed OP in terms of improvements in general psychiatric symptomatology and quality of life. Superiority of STIP-TA was most pronounced at 12-month follow-up, but remained intact over the course of the 3-year follow-up.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)663-683
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Personality Disorders
Volume29
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Research programs

  • EMC NIHES-04-58-01

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