Effects of Different Leukocyte Subpopulations and Flow Conditions on Leukocyte Accumulation during Reperfusion

A Ploppa, M Kampmann, Tanja Johannes, HA Haeberle, B Nohe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background/Aims: The study examined the interdependent effects of shear stress and different leukocyte subpopulations on endothelial cell activation and cell interactions during low flow and reperfusion. Methods: Human umbilical venous endothelial cells were perfused with either neutrophils or monocytes at different shear stress (2-0.25 dyn/cm(2)) and adhesion was quantified by microscopy. Effects of adherent neutrophils and monocytes on endothelial cell adhesion molecule expression were analyzed by flow cytometry after 4-hour static coincubation. After coincubation, the cocultures were reperfused with labeled neutrophils at 2 dyn/cm(2) and their adhesion was quantified selectively. For the control, endothelium monocultures with and without lipopolysaccharide activation were used. Results: At 2 dyn/cm(2), adhesion did not exceed baseline levels on nonactivatedendothelium. Decreasing shear stress to 0.25 dyn/cm(2) largely increased the adhesion of both leukocyte subpopulations, similar to the effect of lipopolysaccharide at 2 dyn/cm(2). However, only adherent monocytes increased adhesion molecule expression, whereas neutrophils had no effect. As a functional consequence, adherent monocytes largely increased neutrophil adhesion during reperfusion, whereas adherent neutrophils did not. Conclusion: Compromised shear stress is an autonomous trigger of leukocyte adhesion even in the absence of additional activators. Exceeding this immediate effect, adherent monocytes induce further endothelial activation and enhance further neutrophil adhesion during reperfusion. Copyright (C) 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)169-180
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Vascular Research
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Cite this