Effects of enzyme replacement therapy on cardiac function in classic infantile Pompe disease

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Abstract

Objective: Patients with classic infantile Pompe disease are born with a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, which resolves after treatment with Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT). We aimed to assess potential deterioration of cardiac function over time using myocardial deformation analysis. Methods: Twenty-seven patients treated with ERT were included. Cardiac function was assessed at regular time intervals (before and after start with ERT) using conventional echocardiography and myocardial deformation analysis. Separate linear mixed effect models were used to asses temporal changes within the first year and the long-term follow-up period. Echocardiograms of 103 healthy children served as controls. Results: A total of 192 echocardiograms were analyzed. Median follow-up was 9.9 years (IQR: 7.5–16.3). Mean LVMI before start of ERT was increased 292.3 g/m2 (95% CI: 202.8–381.8, mean Z-score + 7.6) and normalized after 1 year of ERT 87.3 g/m2 (CI: 67.5–107.1, mean Z-score + 0.8, p < 0.001). Mean shortening fraction was within normal limits before start of ERT, up to 22 years of follow-up. Cardiac function measured by RV/LV longitudinal, and circumferential strain was diminished before start of ERT, but normalized (<−16%) within 1 year after start of ERT, and all remained within normal limits during follow-up. Only LV circumferential strain gradually worsened in Pompe patients (+0.24%/year) during follow-up compared to controls. LV longitudinal strain was diminished in Pompe patients, but did not change significantly over time compared to controls. Conclusion: Cardiac function, measured using myocardial deformation analysis, normalizes after start of ERT, and seems to remain stable over a median follow-up period of 9.9 years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-71
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume380
Early online date7 Mar 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding statement
This specific research project was unfunded. LES is paid by the ‘stichting Vrienden van Sophia’.

Publisher Copyright:© 2023 The Authors

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