Effects of modality on memory for original and misleading information.

Katinka Dijkstra, EM Moerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


This study examined the role of modality in correct recognition and misinformation acceptance in a naturalistic event cognition task that re?ected an everyday life sequence of events. Participants heard, observed or acted out a sequence of events and were tested on memory for these events after being presented with an accurate description of the events or a description containing misinformation. The results indicated that recognition of unaltered information was higher in the enactment condition than the auditory or visual conditions and that this effect persisted over time. Misinformation acceptance for the immediate recognition test was lowest in the auditory condition but this advantage disappeared over time. Modality congruence of the auditory condition with the modality in which misinformation was presented and different retrieval processes underlying recognition of altered and unaltered information may explain these ?ndings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-63
Number of pages6
JournalActa Psychologica
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 28 Mar 2012

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