Effects of two behavioral cardiac rehabilitation interventions on physical activity: A randomized controlled trial

Nienke ter Hoeve*, Madoka Sunamura, Henk J. Stam, Eric Boersma, Marcel L. Geleijnse, Ron T. van Domburg, Rita J. G. van den Berg-Emons

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Background: Standard cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is insufficient to help patients achieve an active lifestyle. The effects of two advanced and extended behavioral CR interventions on physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) were assessed.Methods: In total, 731 patients with ACS were randomized to 1) 3 months of standard CR (CR-only); 2) 3 months of standard CR with three pedometer-based, face-to-face PA group counseling sessions followed by 9 months of after care with three general lifestyle, face-to-face group counseling sessions (CR+F); or 3) 3 months of standard CR, followed by 9 months of aftercare with five to six general lifestyle, telephonic counseling sessions (CR + T). An accelerometer recorded PA and SB at randomization, 3 months, 12 months, and 18 months.Results: The CR+ F group did not improve their moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA (MVPA) or SB time compared to CR-only (between-group difference= 0.24% MVPA, P= 0.349; and 0.39% SB, P= 0.529). However, step count (between-group difference = 513 steps/day, P = 0.021) and time in prolonged MVPA (OR = 2.14, P= 0.054) improved at 3 months as compared to CR-only. The improvement in prolonged MVPA was maintained at 18 months (OR = 1.91, P = 0.033). The CR + T group did not improve PA or SB compared to CR-only.Conclusions: Adding three pedometer-based, face-to-face group PA counseling sessions to standard CR increased daily step count and time in prolonged MVPA. The latter persisted at 18 months. A telephonic after-care program did not improve PA or SB. Although after-care should be optimized to improve long-term adherence, face-to-face group counseling with objective PA feedback should be added to standard CR. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-228
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume255
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2018

Research programs

  • EMC COEUR-09

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