EGFR/IGF1R Signaling Modulates Relaxation in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Sila Algül, Maike Schuldt, Emmy Manders, Valentijn Jansen, Saskia Schlossarek, Richard de Goeij-de Haas, Alex A. Henneman, Sander R. Piersma, Connie R. Jimenez, Michelle Michels, Lucie Carrier, Michiel Helmes, Jolanda van der Velden, Diederik W.D. Kuster

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BACKGROUND: Diastolic dysfunction is central to diseases such as heart failure with preserved ejection fraction and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). However, therapies that improve cardiac relaxation are scarce, partly due to a limited understanding of modulators of cardiomyocyte relaxation. We hypothesized that cardiac relaxation is regulated by multiple unidentified proteins and that dysregulation of kinases contributes to impaired relaxation in patients with HCM. METHODS: We optimized and increased the throughput of unloaded shortening measurements and screened a kinase inhibitor library in isolated adult cardiomyocytes from wild-type mice. One hundred fifty-seven kinase inhibitors were screened. To assess which kinases are dysregulated in patients with HCM and could contribute to impaired relaxation, we performed a tyrosine and global phosphoproteomics screen and integrative inferred kinase activity analysis using HCM patient myocardium. Identified hits from these 2 data sets were validated in cardiomyocytes from a homozygous MYBPC3c.2373insG HCM mouse model. RESULTS: Screening of 157 kinase inhibitors in wild-type (N=33) cardiomyocytes (n=24 563) resulted in the identification of 17 positive inotropes and 21 positive lusitropes, almost all of them novel. The positive lusitropes formed 3 clusters: cell cycle, EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor)/IGF1R (insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor), and a small Akt (α-serine/threonine protein kinase) signaling cluster. By performing phosphoproteomic profiling of HCM patient myocardium (N=24 HCM and N=8 donors), we demonstrated increased activation of 6 of 8 proteins from the EGFR/IGFR1 cluster in HCM. We validated compounds from this cluster in mouse HCM (N=12) cardiomyocytes (n=2023). Three compounds from this cluster were able to improve relaxation in HCM cardiomyocytes. CONCLUSIONS: We showed the feasibility of screening for functional modulators of cardiomyocyte relaxation and contraction, parameters that we observed to be modulated by kinases involved in EGFR/IGF1R, Akt, cell cycle signaling, and FoxO (forkhead box class O) signaling, respectively. Integrating the screening data with phosphoproteomics analysis in HCM patient tissue indicated that inhibition of EGFR/IGF1R signaling is a promising target for treating impaired relaxation in HCM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-399
Number of pages13
JournalCirculation Research
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 18 Aug 2023

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