Employment and the associated impact on quality of life in people diagnosed with schizophrenia

CAM Bouwmans - Frijters, de Sonneville - Koedoot, Niels Mulder, Leona Hakkaart - van Roijen

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Abstract

A systematic review was conducted to assess the employment rate of people with schizophrenia. Additionally, information from the selected studies concerning factors associated with employment and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) was examined. Employment rates ranged from 4% to 50.4%. The studies differed considerably in design, patient settings, and methods of recruitment. The most frequently reported factors associated with employment were negative and cognitive symptoms, age of onset, and duration and course of the disease. Individual characteristics associated with unemployment were older age, lower education, and sex (female). Additionally, environmental factors, eg, the availability of welfare benefits and vocational support programs, seemed to play a role. Generally, being employed was positively associated with HRQoL. However, the causal direction of this association remained unclear, as studies on the bidirectional relationship between employment and HRQoL were lacking.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)2125-2142
Number of pages18
JournalNeuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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