Endoscopic treatment of acute biliary pancreatitis: A national survey among Dutch gastroenterologists

EJM van Geenen, CJJ Mulder, DL van der Peet, P Fockens, Marco Bruno

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Objective. Based on the ampullary obstruction and reflux theory, six endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) studies have investigated the effect of (early) biliary decompression versus conservative management on the course and outcome of patients with acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP) showing inconsistent and contradictory outcomes. We investigated the opinion and attitude of Dutch gastroenterologists regarding the application of (early) ERCP in the clinical management of ABP by means of a nationwide survey. Material and methods. An anonymous questionnaire was sent to all registered consultant gastroenterologists (n = 283) across the Netherlands. Results. The response rate was 52%. The vast majority of consulting gastroenterologists declared that early ERCP may be indicated in ABP (96.6%). Fourteen percent stated that they always perform ERCP in ABP. The remainder of the respondents consider ERCP only if a concomitant condition is present such as a dilated CBD (95%), co-existent cholangitis (87%), common bile duct stone(s) (CBDS) (72%), jaundice (59%), ampullary stone (68%) or (predicted) severe ABP (35%). About half of the consultant gastroenterologists (51.4%) consider the optimal time point for ERCP in ABP to be within 24 h after admission or symptom onset. If ERCP is performed for suspected APB, 55% of the respondents perform an endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES), regardless of the findings on cholangiography. Conclusions. The vast majority of Dutch gastroenterologists attest to a role for ERCP in ABP, but indications when to perform ERCP, its timing, and the application of ES vary greatly and are not always in line with the Dutch or other published national guidelines. The results of this survey highlight the need for additional comparative randomized studies to define the role of (early) ERCP in ABP.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1116-1120
Number of pages5
JournalScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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  • EMC MM-04-20-01

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