Endovascular renal sympathetic denervation to improve heart failure with reduced ejection fraction: the IMPROVE-HF-I study

L. Feyz, R. Nannan Panday, M. Henneman, F. Verzijlbergen, A. A. Constantinescu, B. M. van Dalen, J. J. Brugts, K. Caliskan, M. L. Geleijnse, I. Kardys, N. M. Van Mieghem, O. Manintveld, J. Daemen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Introduction: The aim of the present study was to assess the safety and efficacy of renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Methods: We randomly assigned 50 patients with a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 35% and NYHA class ≥ II, in a 1:1 ratio, to either RDN and optimal medical therapy (OMT) or OMT alone. The primary safety endpoint was the occurrence of a combined endpoint of cardiovascular death, rehospitalisation for heart failure, and acute kidney injury at 6 months. The primary efficacy endpoint was the change in iodine-123 meta-iodobenzylguanidine (123I‑MIBG) heart-to-mediastinum ratio (HMR) at 6 months. Results: Mean age was 60 ± 9 years, 86% was male and mean LVEF was 33 ± 8%. At 6 months, the primary safety endpoint occurred in 8.3% vs 8.0% in the RDN and OMT groups, respectively (p = 0.97). At 6 months, the mean change in late HMR was −0.02 (95% CI: −0.08 to 0.12) in the RDN group, versus −0.02 (95% CI: −0.09 to 0.12) in the OMT group (p = 0.95) whereas the mean change in washout rate was 2.34 (95% CI: −6.35 to 1.67) in the RDN group versus −2.59 (95% CI: −1.61 to 6.79) in the OMT group (p-value 0.09). Conclusion: RDN with the Vessix system in patients with HFrEF was safe, but did not result in significant changes in cardiac sympathetic nerve activity at 6 months as measured using 123I‑MIBG.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-159
Number of pages11
JournalNetherlands Heart Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The work was supported by Boston Scientific and the Thorax Foundation.

Publisher Copyright: © 2021, The Author(s).


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