Epidemiology of low pathogenic avian influenza viruses in wild birds

Ron Fouchier, VJ (Vincent) Munster

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Although extensive data are available on low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) virus surveillance in wild birds in North America and Europe, data are scarce for other parts of the world, and our understanding of LPAI virus ecology in the natural reservoir is still far from complete. The outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) of the H5N1 subtype in the eastern hemisphere has put an increased focus on the role of wild birds in influenza virus transmission. Here, the authors review the current knowledge of the (molecular) epidemiology, genetics and evolution of LPAI viruses in wild birds, and identify some important gaps in current knowledge.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)49-58
Number of pages10
JournalRevue Scientifique et Technique de l'Office International des Epizooties
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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