Epidermal growth factor-activated calcium and potassium channels

M. P. Peppelenbosch, L. G.J. Tertoolen, S. W. De Laat*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

95 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The earliest responses to activation of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor include a transient increase in calcium influx and a transient membrane hyperpolarization. The underlying mechanisms are, however, not well understood as yet. In the present study, we have applied patch clamp recording in the cell-attached and the outside-out mode, and fluorimetric cytosolic Ca2+ determinations, to identify the nature of the ion channels involved, to characterize their properties at the level of single channels, and to unravel their mechanism of activation. We provide evidence that activation of the EGF receptor results initially in the activation of voltage-independent Ca2+ channels that can be defined as direct receptor-operated channels. This in turn causes the activation of Ca2+-dependent K+ channels, which results in a (delayed) membrane hyperpolarization and then leads to the activation of a second class of Ca2+ channels that are sensitive to hyperpolarization. An autocatalytic generation of further hyperpolarization and Ca2+ influx is the predicted outcome of this ionic cascade. Based on the observed inhibitory effects of protein kinase C activation on the activity of Ca2+-dependent K+ channels, we propose that protein kinase C is involved in the negative regulation of this cascade, which explains the transient nature of these responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19938-19944
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume266
Issue number30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1991

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