Erroneous production of PAPP-A kits: the impact of a downward shift in PAPP-A concentration on the test performance of first-trimester combined screening for Down syndrome

PNACM Heesch, Yolanda de Rijke, JAM Laudy, Hajo Wildschut

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Abstract

Objective To evaluate a 20% downward shift in the pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) concentration on the test performance of first-trimester combined screening (FTS) for Down syndrome (DS) following a flaw in the production of PAPP-A kits on FTS for DS. Methods A retrospective re-evaluation of PAPP-A in stored sera. Inclusion criteria were a maternal weight-corrected PAPP-A multiple of the median value >= 0.9 and a biochemical risk of DS <= 1 : 200 at the time of testing. Results Of the 3100 women, 473 (15%) fulfilled the inclusion criteria. After combining the biochemical risk based on the incorrect PAPP-A values with nuchal translucency findings, an increased risk for DS was initially found in 107 women [false positive rate (FPR): 3.1]. Eighty-two (77%) of the 107 women opted for invasive testing. Following re-analysis of PAPP-A, the biochemical risk and the combined risk were statistically significantly different from the initial risk estimates (p < 0.001.). We noticed that 25 women (30%) had invasive testing, while this was unjustified given the re-analysed PAPP-A. Conclusion Erroneous PAPP-A kits resulted in an increase in the FPR by 1.2%. There were no reports of iatrogenic miscarriage. The occurrence of this problem reaffirms the importance of continuous monitoring of quality in FTS. Copyright (C) 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)821-826
Number of pages6
JournalPrenatal Diagnosis
Volume31
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Research programs

  • EMC MGC-02-52-01-A
  • EMC MM-01-25-01

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