ERS International Congress 2020: highlights from the Paediatric Assembly

C Ardura-Garcia, Sara Cuevas-Ocaña, Nadine Freitag, Asterios Kampouras, J King, Panayiotis Kouis, SM Mensink-Bout, A Whitehouse, E Williams, T Dassios, Liesbeth Duijts, R Ersu, EA Gaillard, AR Horsley, M Proesmans, Robbert Rottier, Dirk Schramm, A Moeller, Marielle Pijnenburg

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Abstract

In this review, the Paediatric Assembly of the European Respiratory Society (ERS) presents a summary of the highlights and most relevant findings in the field of paediatric respiratory medicine presented at the virtual ERS International Congress 2020. Early Career Members of the ERS and Chairs of the different Groups comprising the Paediatric Assembly discuss a selection of the presented research. These cover a wide range of research areas, including respiratory physiology and sleep, asthma and allergy, cystic fibrosis, respiratory infection and immunology, neonatology and intensive care, epidemiology, bronchology and lung and airway development. Specifically, we describe the long-term effect in lung function of premature birth, mode of delivery and chronic respiratory conditions such as cystic fibrosis. In paediatric asthma, we present risk factors, phenotypes and their progression with age, and the challenges in diagnosis. We confirm the value of the lung clearance index to detect early lung changes in cystic fibrosis. For bronchiectasis treatment, we highlight the importance of identifying treatable traits. The use of biomarkers and genotypes to identify infants at risk of long-term respiratory morbidity is also discussed. We present the long-term impact on respiratory health of early life and fetal exposures to maternal obesity and intrauterine hypoxia, mechanical ventilation hyperoxia, aeroallergens, air pollution, vitamin A deficient intake and bronchitis. Moreover, we report on the use of metabolomics and genetic analysis to understand the effect of these exposures on lung growth and alveolar development. Finally, we stress the need to establish multidisciplinary teams to treat complex airway pathologies.
Original languageEnglish
JournalERJ Open Research
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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