Estimated Long-Term Benefit of Dapagliflozin in Patients With Heart Failure

Muthiah Vaduganathan, Brian L. Claggett, Pardeep Jhund, Rudolf A. de Boer, Adrian F. Hernandez, Silvio E. Inzucchi, Mikhail N. Kosiborod, Carolyn S.P. Lam, Felipe Martinez, Sanjiv J. Shah, Akshay S. Desai, Daniel Lindholm, Magnus Petersson, Anna Maria Langkilde, John J.V. McMurray, Scott D. Solomon*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Recent guidelines support consideration of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors in the long-term management of heart failure (HF) with mildly reduced or preserved ejection fraction. Patients and clinicians may be interested in the expected lifetime benefits of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors in this population. Objectives: This study aimed to estimate event-free survival gains from long-term use of dapagliflozin in patients with HF with mildly reduced or preserved ejection fraction overall and in clinically relevant subgroups. Methods: In this prespecified analysis of DELIVER (Dapagliflozin Evaluation to Improve the Lives of Patients With Preserved Ejection Fraction Heart Failure), we applied validated nonparametric age-based methods to extrapolate potential gains in survival free from the primary endpoint (cardiovascular death or worsening HF event) from long-term use of dapagliflozin. Eligible participants had symptomatic HF, left ventricular ejection fraction >40%, elevated natriuretic peptide levels, and structural heart disease. For every year between the ages of 55 and 85 years, we estimated event-free survival using age at randomization rather than time from randomization as the time horizon. Residual lifespan free from a primary endpoint was estimated based on area under the survival curve in each arm. Results: Among 6,263 participants, mean survival free from the primary endpoint for a 65-year-old participant was 12.1 years (95% CI: 11.0-13.2 years) with dapagliflozin and 9.7 years (95% CI: 8.8-10.7 years) with placebo, representing a 2.3-year (95% CI: 0.9-3.8 years) event-free survival gain (P = 0.002). Treatment gains in survival free from the primary endpoint ranged from 2.0 years (95% CI: –0.6 to 4.6 years) in a 55-year-old to 1.2 years (95% CI: –0.1 to 2.4 years) in a 75-year-old patient. Mean event-free survival was greater with dapagliflozin than with placebo across all 14 subgroups. Conclusions: Treatment with dapagliflozin is projected to extend event-free survival by up to 2.0 to 2.5 years among middle-aged and older individuals with HF with mildly reduced or preserved ejection fraction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1775-1784
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume80
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Nov 2022
Externally publishedYes

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