Estimating incidence and prevalence of hip osteoarthritis using electronic health records: a population-based cohort study

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Objective: To determine the incidence and prevalence of hip osteoarthritis (OA) in electronic health records (EHRs) of Dutch general practices by using narrative and codified data. Method: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the Integrated Primary Care Information database. An algorithm was developed to identify patients with narratively diagnosed hip OA in addition to patients with codified hip OA. Incidence and prevalence estimates among people aged ≥30 were assessed from 2008 to 2019. The association of comorbidities with codified hip OA diagnosis was analysed using multivariable logistic regression. Results: Using the hip OA narrative data algorithm (positive predicted value = 72%) in addition to codified hip OA showed a prevalence of 1.76–1.95 times higher and increased from 4.03% in 2008 to 7.34% in 2019. The incidence was 1.83–2.41 times higher and increased from 6.83 to 7.78 per 1000 person-years from 2008 to 2019. Among codified hip OA patients, 39.4% had a previous record of narratively diagnosed hip OA, on average approximately 1.93 years earlier. Hip OA patients with a previous record of spinal OA, knee OA, hypertension, and hyperlipidaemia were more likely to be recorded with a hip OA code. Conclusion: This study using Dutch EHRs showed that epidemiological estimates of hip OA are likely to be an underestimation. Using our algorithm, narrative data can be added to codified data for more realistic epidemiological estimates based on routine healthcare data. However, developing a valid algorithm remains a challenge, possibly due to the diagnostic complexity of hip pain in general practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)843-851
Number of pages9
JournalOsteoarthritis and Cartilage
Issue number6
Early online date17 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022

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