Estradiol and weight are covariates of paracetamol clearance in young women

B. Beleyn, S. Vermeersch, A. Kulo, A. Smits, R. Verbesselt, J. N. De Hoon, K. Van Calsteren, K. Allegaert*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)



Paracetamol clearance differs between pregnant and non-pregnant women and between women with or without specific oral contraceptives (OCs). However, an association between female sex hormones and paracetamol clearance has never been explored. 


In total, 49 women at delivery, 8 female control subjects without OC use, historical data of 14 women taking OCs, and 15 postpartum observations with and without OCs were pooled to explore covariates of paracetamol clearance. All received a single intravenous 2-gram paracetamol dose, and blood samples were collected up to 6 h after dosing. High-performance liquid chromatography was used to quantify paracetamol. The area under the curve to time infinity (AUC0-∞) was determined and clearance (l/h·m2) was calculated by dose/AUC 0-∞. In addition, estradiol and progesterone were quantified by ELISA with electro-chemiluminescence. 


Median paracetamol clearance at delivery was significantly higher when compared to postpartum or non-pregnant women (11.9 vs. 6.42 and 8.4 l/h·m2, at least p < 0.05), while an association between paracetamol clearance and estradiol was observed (R = 0.494, p < 0.0001). In non-pregnant subjects, there was no impact of OC exposure on paracetamol clearance. Multiple regression revealed a linear association (Radj = 0.41, p < 0.001) between paracetamol clearance and weight (p = 0.0462) and estradiol (p < 0.0001).


Estradiol and weight in part explain the variation in paracetamol clearance in young women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-216
Number of pages6
JournalGynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014


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