Evaluating the use of a two-step age-based cutoff for the UICC/AJCC TNM staging system in patients with papillary or follicular thyroid cancer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The joint Union International Contre le Cancer and American Joint Committee on Cancer (UICC/AJCC) Tumor, Node, Metastasis (TNM) staging system for differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) involves a single age cutoff as a prognostic criterion. Because a single cutoff is a dichotomization of what might be a sliding scale, using multiple age cutoffs might result into a better stage definition. The aim of our study was to investigate if using a two-step age-based cutoff would improve the TNM staging system regarding disease-specific survival (DSS). Methods: We retrospectively studied two cohorts of adult DTC patients from The Netherlands and Germany. DSS was analyzed for papillary (PTC) and follicular thyroid cancer (FTC) separately, investigating several two-step age-based cutoffs for those with distant metastases; below lower threshold classified as stage I, between lower and upper threshold as stage II, and above upper threshold as stage IV. Results: We included 3074 DTC patients (77% PTC). For PTC, an age cutoff of 45 with 50 years had the best statistical model performance, while this was 25 with 40 years for FTC. However, differences with the optimal single age cutoffs of 50 years for PTC and 40 years for FTC were small. Conclusions: The optimal two-step age-based cutoff to predict DSS is 45 with 50 years for PTC and 25 with 40 years for FTC, rather than 55 years currently used for DTC. Although these two-step age-based cutoffs were marginally better from a statistical point of view, from a clinical point of view, the recently defined optimal single age cutoffs of 50 years for PTC and 40 years for FTC might be preferable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-397
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Endocrinology
Volume186
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Feb 2022

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Evaluating the use of a two-step age-based cutoff for the UICC/AJCC TNM staging system in patients with papillary or follicular thyroid cancer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this