Evaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia during the COVID-19 Pandemic

David Nugraha, Sovia Salamah*, Kevin Luke, Zefo Kiyosi Wibowo, Andro Pramana Witarto, Caesariska Deswima, Nabila Ananda Kloping, Bendix Samarta Witarto, Adila Taufik Syamlan, Abyan Irzaldy, Maftuchah Rochmanti, Dewi Ratna Sari, Sakina Sakina, Firas Farisi Alkaff*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and mental health worldwide. However, its impact on medical students in Indonesia has not been well documented. This study aimed to evaluate HRQoL and mental health in 729 Indonesian medical students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Material/Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study from 31 August to 30 September 2021. The study instrument was an online questionnaire that was distributed via social media platforms. The 12-item short form version 2 (SF12v2) was used to measure HRQoL, and the 21-item Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21) was used to measure mental health. Results: From 729 Indonesian medical students included in the analyses, 37.3% had impaired physical component and 66.9% had impaired mental component of HRQoL. The determinants were medical students’ island of residence, history of hospitalization, and family member’s hospitalization and death due to COVID-19. Concerning mental health, the prevalence of reported symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress were 45.4%, 65.2%, and 60.9%, respectively. Sex, study method, grade, previous COVID-19 disease severity, comorbidities, previous learning experience, and history of family isolation were identified as the determinants of mental health. Conclusions: This study highlights the adverse effects of COVID-19 on HRQoL and mental health in Indonesian medical students. The results identified key associations, including SARS-CoV-2 infection and comorbidities experienced by the students, the health of their families, including grief following bereavement, and the effects of social isolation during the pandemic.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere938892
JournalMedical Science Monitor
Publication statusPublished - 9 Feb 2023

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