Evaluation of nutrient intake and food consumption among dutch toddlers

Elly Steenbergen, Anne Krijger, Janneke Verkaik‐kloosterman, Liset E.M. Elstgeest, Sovianne Ter Borg, Koen F.M. Joosten, Caroline T.M. van Rossum*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
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Improving dietary habits at a young age could prevent adverse health outcomes. The aim was to gain insight into the adequacy of the dietary intake of Dutch toddlers, which may provide valuable information for preventive measures. Data obtained from the Dutch National Food Consumption Survey 2012–2016 were used, which included 672 children aged one to three years. Habitual intakes of nutrients were evaluated according to recommendations set by the Dutch Health Council. Specific food groups were evaluated according to the Dutch food‐based dietary guidelines. For most nutrients, intakes were estimated to be adequate. High intakes were found for saturated fatty acids, retinol, iodine, copper, zinc, and sodium. No statement could be provided on the adequacy of intakes of alpha‐linoleic acids, N‐3 fish fatty acids, fiber, and iron. 74% of the toddlers used dietary supplements, and 59% used vitamin D supplements specifically. Total median intakes of vegetables, bread, and milk products were sufficient. Consumption of bread, potatoes and cereals, milk products, fats, and drinks consisted largely of unhealthy products. Consumption of unfavora-ble products may have been the cause of the observed high and low intakes of several nutrients. Shifting towards a healthier diet that is more in line with the guidelines may positively affect the dietary intake of Dutch toddlers and prevent negative health impacts, also later in life.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1531
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This study was conducted as a part of the research project “Nutrition and lifestyle screen‐ ing tool for youth healthcare 2019–2022”, which was funded by the Dutch Ministry of Health, Wel‐ fare and Sport (VWS).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


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