Evaluation of quality of life in PKU before and after introducing tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), a prospective multi-center cohort study

Serwet Demirdas, H Maurice-Stam, CCA Boelen, FC Hofstede, MCH Janssen, Janneke Langendonk, MF (Margot) Mulder, ME Rubio-Gozalbo, FJ van Spronsen, M Vries, MA Grootenhuis, AM Bosch

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Abstract

Background: Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a rare inborn error of metabolism caused by phenylalanine hydroxylase enzyme (PAH) deficiency. Treatment constitutes a strict Phe restricted diet with unpalatable amino acid supplements. Residual PAH activity enhancement with its cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) is a novel treatment which increases dietary tolerance in some patients and permits dietary relaxation. Relaxation of diet may improve health related quality of life (HRQoL). This prospective cohort study aims to evaluate HRQoL of patients with PKU and effects of BH4 treatment on HRQoL Methods: Patients aged 4 years and older, diagnosed through newborn screening and early and continuously treated, were recruited from eight metabolic centers. Patients and mothers completed validated generic and chronic health-conditions HRQoL questionnaires (PedsQL, TAAQOL, and DISABKIDS) twice: before and after testing BH4 responsivity. Baseline results were compared to the general population. Data collected after BH4 testing was used to find differences in HRQoL between BH4 unresponsive patie Results: 69/81 (85%) patients completed the questionnaires before BH4 responsivity testing, and 45/69 (65%) participated again after testing. Overall PKU patients demonstrated normal HRQoL However, some significant differences were found when compared to the general population. A significantly higher (thus better) score on the PedsQL was reported by children 8-12 years on physical functioning and by children 13-17 years on total and psychosocial functioning. Furthermore, adult patients reported
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)S49-S56
JournalMolecular Genetics and Metabolism
Volume110
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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  • EMC COEUR-09

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