Exchange rate uncertainty and monetary transmission in the Philippines

Veronica B. Bayangos

Research output: Working paperAcademic

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This paper reviews what insights environmental and ecological economics have provided regarding the 'poverty-environment'- nexus within the 'EnvironmentDevelopment'-system. Various perspectives are discussed, such as 'the poor as agents' and 'the poor as victims' hypotheses, (a) institutions oriented approaches, (b) livelihood based analyses, (c) capabilities frameworks, (d) rights-oriented approaches, (e) pricing of environmental services (PES). Policies forwarded at the international level are discussed. Some of the new perspectives identified are beginning to penetrate into these proposals. The validity of PES as an overall recipe to dealing with the nexus is examined critically.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationDen Haag
PublisherInternational Institute of Social Studies (ISS)
Number of pages32
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2006
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

SeriesISS working papers. General series


  • ISS Working Paper-General Series


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