In 2001, the Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) began to develop evidence-based guidelines and recommendations for the resuscitation and management of patients with sepsis. With the 2016 edition, the Society of Critical Care Medicine and European Society of Intensive Care Medicine recommended a separate task force be dedicated to guideline formulation for children. The objective of the “Surviving Sepsis Campaign International Guidelines for the Management of Septic Shock and Sepsis-associated Organ Dysfunction in Children” is to provide guidance for the care of infants, children, and adolescents with septic shock and other sepsis-associated organ dysfunction. Recommendations are intended to guide “best practice” rather than to establish a treatment algorithm or to define standard of care and cannot replace the clinician's decision-making capability when presented with a patient's unique set of clinical variables.
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