Exposure to diagnostic radiation and risk of breast cancer among carriers of BRCA1/2 mutations: retrospective cohort study (GENE-RAD-RISK)

A (Anouk) Pijpe, N Andrieu, DF Easton, A Kesminiene, E Cardis, C Nogues, M Gauthier-Villars, C Lasset, JP Fricker, S Peock, D Frost, DG Evans, RA Eeles, J Paterson, P (Peggy) Manders, CJ van Asperen, MGEM Ausems, H Meijers-Heijboer, I Thierry-Chef, M (Michael) HauptmannD Goldgar, MA Rookus, FE van Leeuwen

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Objective To estimate the risk of breast cancer associated with diagnostic radiation in carriers of BRCA1/2 mutations. Design Retrospective cohort study (GENE-RAD-RISK). Setting Three nationwide studies (GENEPSO, EMBRACE, HEBON) in France, United Kingdom, and the Netherlands, Participants 1993 female carriers of BRCA1/2 mutations recruited in 2006-09. Main outcome measure Risk of breast cancer estimated with a weighted Cox proportional hazards model with a time dependent individually estimated cumulative breast dose, based on nominal estimates of organ dose and frequency of self reported diagnostic procedures. To correct for potential survival bias, the analysis excluded carriers who were diagnosed more than five years before completion of the study questionnaire. Results In carriers of BRCA1/2 mutations any exposure to diagnostic radiation before the age of 30 was associated with an increased risk of breast cancer (hazard ratio 1.90, 95% confidence interval 1.20 to 3.00), with a dose-response pattern. The risks by quarter of estimated cumulative dose <0.0020 Gy, >= 0.0020-0.0065 Gy, >= 0.0066-0.0173 Gy, and >= 0.0174 Gy were 1.63 (0.96 to 2.77), 1.78 (0.88 to 3.58), 1.75 (0.72 to 4.25), and 3.84 (1.67 to 8.79), respectively. Analyses on the different typ Conclusion In this large European study among carriers of BRCA1/2 mutations, exposure to diagnostic radiation before age 30 was associated with an increased risk of breast cancer at dose levels considerably lower than those at which increases have been found in other cohorts exposed to radiation. The results of this study support the use of non-ionising radiation imaging techniques (such as magnetic resonance imaging) as the main tool for surveillance in young women with BRCA1/2 mutations.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
JournalBritish Medical Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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