Expressed emotion in families of children with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder, Cerebral Palsy and Down Syndrome: Relations with parenting stress and parenting behaviors

Lana E. De Clercq*, Peter Prinzie, Petra Warreyn, Bart Soenens, Lisa M. Dieleman, Sarah S.W. De Pauw

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

This study examined the family emotional climate as assessed by Five Minute Speech Samples and the relation with parenting stress and parenting behaviors among parents of children (6–17 years, 64.7% boys) with autism spectrum disorder, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, and without any known disability (n = 447). The large majority of parents (79%) showed low levels of Expressed Emotion, an indicator of a positive family climate. In all groups, more Emotional Over-involvement, more Criticism and fewer expressions of Warmth were associated with higher levels of parenting stress. Across groups, Emotional Over-involvement was related to more autonomy-supportive parenting, Criticism to more psychologically controlling and overreactive parenting, and Warmth was associated with more responsive and less psychologically controlling and overreactive parenting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1789-1806
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume52
Issue number4
Early online date22 May 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by a BOF Starting Grant BOFSTA2017004601, by Grant GV/B-202 from the Marguerite-Marie Delacroix Support Fund and Grants FWO 12B4614N and 11X6516N from the Fund for Scientific Research Flanders.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

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