Extent of radiological response does not reflect survival in primary central nervous system lymphoma

Matthijs Van Der Meulen*, Alida A. Postma, Marion Smits, Katerina Bakunina, Monique C. Minnema, Tatjana Seute, Gavin Cull, Roelien H. Enting, Marjolein Van Der Poel, Wendy B.C. Stevens, Dieta Brandsma, Aart Beeker, Jeanette K. Doorduijn, Samar Issa, Martin J. Van Den Bent, Jacoline E.C. Bromberg

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Background. In primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL), small enhancing lesions can persist after treatment. It is unknown whether a difference in response category (complete response [CR], complete response unconfirmed [CRu], or partial response [PR]) reflects survival. We aimed to determine the value of a central radiology review on response assessment and whether the extent of response influenced progression-free and/or overall survival. Methods. All patients in the HOVON 105/ALLG NHL 24 study with at least a baseline MRI and one MRI made for response evaluation available for central review were included. Tumor measurements were done by 2 independent central reviewers, disagreements were adjudicated by a third reviewer. Crude agreement and interobserver agreement (Cohen's kappa) were calculated. Differences in progression-free and overall survival between different categories of response at the end-of-protocol-treatment were assessed by the log-rank test in a landmark survival-analysis. Results. Agreement between the central reviewers was 61.7% and between local and central response assessment was 63.0%. Cohen's kappa's, which corrects for expected agreement, were 0.44 and 0.46 (moderate), respectively. Progression agreement or not was 93.3% (kappa 0.87) between local and central response assessment. There were no significant differences in progression-free and overall survival between patients with CR, CRu, or PR at the endof- protocol-treatment, according to both local and central response assessment.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbervdab007
JournalNeuro-oncology advances
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2021

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