F-18-fluoride-PET for dynamic in vivo monitoring of bone formation in multiple myeloma

JC Regelink, PG Raijmakers, N Bravenboer, R Milek, NJ Hoetjes, AM de Kreuk, Mark van Duin, MJ Wondergem, P Lips, Pieter Sonneveld, JM Zijlstra, S Zweegman

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Abstract

Background: Bone disease in multiple myeloma is characterized by reduced bone formation. The gold standard of bone formation is the mineral apposition rate (MAR), an invasive technique reflecting bone formation at a single site. We compared F-18-fluoride-PET with the MAR in myeloma patients. Methods: Bone formation was measured before and after bortezomib treatment by determination of the MAR in iliac bone marrow biopsies and the measurement of F-18-uptake. Results: The inter-and intra-individual variations in F-18-uptake (SUVA50%) were pronounced as 33.50 (range 4.42 to 37.92) and 27.18 (range 4.00 to 31.18), respectively. A significant correlation between the MAR and F-18-uptake was found (r = 0.80, p = 0.017). There was a heterogeneous response after treatment varying from -2.20 to 4.53. Conclusions: Iliac F-18-uptake was associated with the local MAR in myeloma patients. Furthermore, F-18-fluoride-PET demonstrated the heterogeneity of in vivo bone formation, enabling monitoring during treatment.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
JournalEJNMMI Research
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Research programs

  • EMC MM-02-41-03

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