Face, Content, and Construct Validity of a Novel Portable Ergonomic Simulator for Basic Laparoscopic Skills

DJ Xiao, JJ Jakimowicz, A Albayrak, SN Buzink, SMBI Botden, Richard Goossens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic skills can be improved effectively through laparoscopic simulation. The purpose of this study was to verify the face and content validity of a new portable Ergonomic Laparoscopic Skills simulator (Ergo-Lap simulator) and assess the construct validity of the Ergo-Lap simulator in 4 basic skills tasks. DESIGN: Four tasks were evaluated: 2 different translocation exercises (a basic bimanual exercise and a challenging single-handed exercise), an exercise involving tissue manipulation under tension, and a needle-handling exercise. Task performance was analyzed according to speed and accuracy. The participants rated the usability and didactic value of each task and the Ergo-Lap simulator along a 5-point Likert scale. SETTING: Institutional academic medical center with its affiliated general surgery residency. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-six participants were allotted into 2 groups: a. Novice group (n = 26, <10 clinical laparoscopic procedures) and an Experienced group (n = 20, >50 clinical laparoscopic procedures). RESULTS: The Experienced group completed all tasks in less time than the Novice group did (p < 0.001, Mann-Whitney U test). The Experienced group also completed tasks 1, 2, and 4 with fewer errors than the Novice group did (p < 0.05). Of the Novice participants, 96% considered that the present Ergo-Lap simulator could encourage more frequent practice of laparoscopic skills. In addition, 92% would like to purchase this simulator. All of the experienced participants confirmed that the Ergo-Lap simulator was easy to use and useful for practicing basic laparoscopic skills in an ergonomic manner. Most (95%) of these respondents would recommend this simulator to other surgical trainees. CONCLUSIONS: This Ergo-Lap simulator with multiple tasks was rated as a useful training tool that can distinguish between various levels of laparoscopic expertise. The Ergo-Lap simulator is also an inexpensive alternative, which surgical trainees could use to update their skills in the skills laboratory, at home, or in the office. (C) 2014 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)65-72
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Surgical Education
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Research programs

  • EMC ONWAR-01-94-01

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