Facilitators & barriers and practices of early mobilization in critically ill burn patients: A survey

Y. Dikkema*, L. J. Mouton, B. Cleffken, E. de Jong, M. E. van Baar, A. Pijpe, A. S. Niemeijer, C. P. van der Schans, S. M.J.H. Scholten, M. van der Steen-Dieperink, M. K. Nieuwenhuis

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Background: Early mobilization (EM) of intensive care (IC) patients is important but complex with facilitators and barriers. Compared to general IC patients, burn IC patients are more hyper-metabolic. They have extensive wounds, lengthy wound dressing changes, and repeated surgeries that may affect possibilities of EM. This study aimed to identify facilitators and barriers of EM in burn IC patients among all disciplines involved. Additionally, we assessed EM practices, i.e. when are which patients considered suitable for EM. Methods: A survey was sent to 139 professionals involved in EM of burn IC patients (discipline groups: Intensivists, medical doctors, registered nurses, therapists). Results: Response rate was 57 %. The majority found EM very important, yet different definitions were chosen. Perceived barriers mainly concerned patient-level factors, most frequently hemodynamic instability and excessive sedation followed by skin graft surgery, fatigue, and pain management. Most frequent barriers at the provider-level were limited staffing, safety concerns, and conflicting perceptions about the suitability of EM. At the institutional-level, we found no high barriers. Interdisciplinary variation on perceived barriers, when to initiate it, and permitted maximal activity were ascertained. Conclusion: Skin grafts and pain management were barriers of EM specific for burn care. Opinions on frequency, dosage and duration of EM varied widely. Improving interdisciplinary communication is key.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-54
Number of pages13
JournalBurns
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was financially supported by the Dutch Burns Foundation .

Publisher Copyright: © 2022 The Authors

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