Factors Associated With Running-Related Injuries in Recreational Runners With a History of Running Injuries

Tryntsje Fokkema, Núria Varkevisser, Robert Jan de Vos, Sita M.A. Bierma-Zeinstra, Marienke van Middelkoop*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Objective: To identify the incidence and characteristics associated with a higher injury risk in recreational runners who suffered a running-related injury (RRI) in the previous 12 months. Design: Prospective cohort study among recreational runners who registered for a Dutch running event (5-42.2 km) and suffered an RRI in the 12 months before inclusion. Setting: Open population. Participants: Recreational runners with a previous reported injury. Assessment of Risk Factors: At baseline, information on demographics, training characteristics, health complaints, and RRI history was collected. Main Outcome Measures: With 3 follow-up questionnaires (2 weeks before, 1 day after, and 1 month after the running event), the occurrence of new RRIs was registered. Results: In total, 548 participants (55.1%) sustained a new RRI during follow-up. In total, 20.5% of the new RRIs was located at the same anatomical location as the previous RRI. Runners who registered for a marathon had a higher chance to sustain a new RRI [odd ratio (OR) 1.72; 95% confidence intervals (CIs), 1.17-2.53]. Also previous RRIs in the upper leg (OR 1.59; 95% CI, 1.15-2.19) and lower leg (OR 1.61; 95% CI, 1.18-2.21) were associated with an increased injury risk. Conclusions: Especially being a marathon runner and the anatomical location of previous RRIs seem to be associated with the injury risk in recreational runners with a previous RRI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-66
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The INSPIRE trial was funded by the Netherlands Organization for Health Research and Development (ZonMW), grant number 536001001. The authors would like to thank all runners who participated in the INSPIRE trial and Golazo Sports for their collaboration.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

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